Conduct of Hostilities: the Practice, the Law and the Future

The Institute, in co-operation with the International Committee of the Red Cross, organised its annual Round Table from 4 to 6 September 2014 in Sanremo, under the High Patronage of the President of the Italian Republic and under the Patronage of the Italian Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Defense. The Sanremo Round Table focussed on the topic of "Conduct of Hostilities: the Practice, the Law and the Future".

Since the Institute's foundation, the Sanremo Round Table has represented one of its major annual events. It offers an opportunity for informal dialogue and constructive debate on topics of International Humanitarian Law, encouraging members of scientific, diplomatic, institutional and military circles from all over the world to examine current issues concerning promotion and development in this field.

The XXXVII Round Table provided an in-depth analysis of the international law governing the conduct of hostilities and the new challenges which have to be faced in the current international scenario at the operational level. Participants benefitted from the contribution of eminent international experts. Particular attention was paid to a number of specific issues such as: operational planning and targeting; the protection of civilians; technological developments, including the use of automated and autonomous weapons, in respect of the law covering the conduct of hostilities together with its specificities in different domains (naval, air, outer space and cyber warfare).